Assessment

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“As we prepare to enter 2019, South Sudan remains in the grip of a serious humanitarian crisis. The cumulative effects of years of conflict and violence against civilians have destroyed people’s homes and livelihoods. It is with this in mind that today I am calling for $1.5 billion to give assistance and protection to 5.7 million people who have been affected by the conflict in South Sudan and are the most in need” Alain Noudéhou, the Humanitarian Coordinator for South Sudan (Dec, 2018).

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Community use natural resources for constructing shelters where People use tradition way of construction in circle shape with the wall made out of straight poles and supported by reed or small poles then mud with soil. Roof is made out of straight joint poles tighten with rope then covered with the grass. Windows are just open hole from the side way of the tukul. Doors are made from bamboo which are divided into small pieces and joint together.

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In January 2019, the intercommunal fight which was politically motivated broke out in Isore following the creation of Geria Payam and other three newly Bomas (cingili, Kamayikongo and Itawanya). The creation of these new administrative units have caused division among the community of ISORE leading to fighting and threats, displacing hundreds of population to two different Counties of Katire and Ayaci. Some people remained in the bushes because they couldn’t manage to move out of their homes.

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The conflict in Maridi State started on 07th June 2015 when unknown person threw a grenade to Dinka cattle’s camp in Maridi and killed seven cattle’s. The cattle’s keepers who are ethnically Dinka retaliated against the residents. On the 08th June the periodic shooting started between Dinka cattle’s keepers, SPLA and resident. It was reported that 14 people were killed and 10 injured ,196 houses burned down and several shops properties looted in the market.

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IOM ES/NFI and WASH team are undertaking a verification exercise, which started on the 14-15/1/2019.

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Shelters within Korijo IDPs camp are mainly temporary. Materials used to make the shelters include mud, tarpaulins, grass and bamboo. During household to household visits, it emerged that available shelters were occupied, abandoned or empty. During FGDs with the IDPs, it was mentioned that the reason why some shelters were empty or abandoned ranged from occupants having moved to farms to collect cassava and other produce or into Uganda to look for food, water, visit relatives or to look for jobs in Bidi Bidi IDPs camp.

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The South Sudan conflict between SPLA and SPLA IO which began in 2013 swept across the entire country. The situation worsened after July 2016, when the conflict spread to the Greater Equatoria region. This led to mass movement of populations across the border to Uganda in search of safety.

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In January 2019, the intercommual fight which was politically motivated broke out in Isore following the creation of Geria county and other three newly Bomas (cingili, Kamayikongo and Itawanya). The creation of these new administrative units have caused division among the community of ISORE leading to fighting and threats, displacing hundreds of population in two different locations of Katire payam and Ayaci county. Some people remained in the bushes because they couldn’t manage to move out of their homes.

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Following the 46 interviews conducted 57% of the respondents prefer getting information directly from the agencies and 20% prefer receiving information through the community leaders,11% preferred information through the RRC/RRA,7% said through the religious leaders whereas 6% said thy preferred the local authority this can be the commissioner, governor or even the payam administrator.

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There are 12,061 robust emergency temporary shelters in the PoC which were constructed. There is an average of 10 people sleeping in each shelter and 1.6 HH per structure. The types of shelters are simple wooden pole structure with bamboo infill. Mud and elephant grass walls are used as walling on some shelters but the predominant material for roof and wall is plastic sheet. There is elephant grass available locally which is traditionally harvested by females. There is little to no market for shelter material within the PoC.

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