Assessment

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When conflict broke out in Juba in December 2013, it quickly spread to the symbolic town of Leer, the birthplace of opposition leader Riek Machar. Since this time, there have been sporadic population movements from the town and surrounding areas onto the nearby islands to the south east of Leer for safety. The most significant recent displacement was during and after July 2016, when months of fighting led to more people fleeing to the islands, with the largest influx occurring in November.

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Since the conflict erupted in Wau on 26th of June 2016. Thousands of people seeks refugee in the PoC and the collective centres (Cathedral, Lokoloko, Nazareth and Sants Joseph). A number of humanitarian agencies started providing a lifesaving assistance. IOM Shelter NFI team conducted a number of NFI distribution and constructed some communal shelters in the PoC and the other collective centres to support people’s capacity to cope with the displacement situation.

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An upsurge in conflict in Western Bahr el Ghazal caused a significant influx of people into the displacement sites in Wau town, which have been in existence for less than a year. Over two weeks, an additional 13,222 internally displaced persons (IDPs) fled to the protected area by the United Nations Mission in South Sudan base (the PoC AA). Prior to the influx Wau PoC was already the most congested PoC in South Sudan. According to latest DTM report a total of 39,165 individuals are seeking protection in POC.

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Due to the recent violence started on 10th of April, 2017, more than 8000 people displaced in Wau twon seeking safety and protection in the PoC and other collective centers. IOM DTM team are recording the movement from the collective centers to Wau Poc and the Cathera. Between 22nd of April to 28th of April, 300 IDPs has entered the PoC site and mainly they were coming from neighborhoods of Hai Nazareth, Hai Lokoloko, Hai Kosti and areas outside Wau. Their reason for coming is insecurity.

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The conflict erupted in Southern part of Wau town in late January 2017 lead to a massive displacement for more than 2000 individuals seeking safety and protection in the ECS church. IOM Shelter NFI team responded to the case load with NFI (Blanket, Mosquito net, Sleeping mat, Jerican) on the 4th of February. Following to that distribution, the government decided to relocate people to Almasnaa area and the relocation took place on the 4th of May, 2017.

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The Protection of Civilian (PoC) in Malakal hosts Internally Displaced People (IDPs) from Malakal and its surrounding towns. Their movement into the PoC site was triggered by the outbreak of war in December 2013. Fighting spread across major towns in South Sudan forcing many families to move into the PoC sites. Originally the Malakal PoC harbored over 40,000 people however over previous months this number has dropped due to a variety of reasons. 

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Following localized fighting between armed actors, an estimated 400 - 500 civilians fled from Chuil and Kur Mayom in Nyirol County in Jonglei State and crossed the river Sobat into Gel Achiel, Upper Nile in small numbers from 23rd April 2017. Chuil is approximately 10km from Gel Achiel.

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The insecurity signifies a shift for the Magwi County, which has been benefited from relative stability in recent years, and serves as the food basket for much of the country. On the on 2nd-5th.Februrary, 2017 fighting erupted between the government forces and armed groups in Agoro, Maji, and Omeo Bomas. As the conflict took people by surprise most IDPs left their household items in their houses as they fled for safety within Magwi Town, their houses were looted and others were badly damaged.

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Due to the violence erupted in mid-2016 and the rising level of hunger, an increasing number of people from other areas to Geria and Kidepo Valley, an area considered relatively safe and less food insecure. From the first extraction of the raw data of the assessment it emerged that 22% and 27% of the respondents, respectively from Geria and Kidepo County are IDPs or hosting IDPs, coming from other payams or counties within the area (58%), from outside Greater Ikwoto but in EES (16%), from another State in South Sudan, not EES (10%) and returnees (16%).

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