20190601|CCOSS YIROL EAST Needs Assessment Report|June 2019

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The IDPs, returnees and the host community members do sleep either in tukuls or rakubas. These are structures locally made up of brick or mud wall supported by short poles surrounding it and the roofing consisted of long poles or well-cut coconut timber, grass or coconut leaves thatched. Always round, square or rectangular in shape.
Shelter
IDPs are leaving in rakubas and tukuls that belong to relatives or local authorities or other community member or found empty in the location. They are living in only one (1) tukul, which normally is not in good condition.
Local construction materials such as poles are readily available in Yirol East. However, grass for construction of tukuls is not easily available because of overgrazing from the cattle.
Major issues in collecting local shelter material are:
1) Protection issues: women fear going to the bush to collect materials because they might be attacked
2) Lack of construction tools
3) Vulnerability of IDPs: there are more categories of vulnerable people in these communities who cannot go to the bush to collect materials on their own. They include, elderly, pregnant and lactating mothers, child headed households.
The community could be provided with construction tools, but also there is a need of community mobilization of abled bodied (namely men and youth) in order to support vulnerable families in collection of material and building/repairing of tukul or rakubas.

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